introduction to ac circuits pdf

Circuit or system in which AC sources operate at the same Radio waves are broadcast at … 117 0000002189 00000 n <> 2 0 obj stream >> 18 0 obj 31 0 obj<> endobj In electrical circuits energy is 0000000737 00000 n << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> %���� 17 0 obj 33 0 obj<>stream /Properties << /Pl1 29 0 R >> >> << /Length 18 0 R /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 209 /Height 203 /Interpolate endobj 0000000016 00000 n 1 /BBox [517 38 720 221] /Resources 21 0 R /Group << /S /Transparency /CS x�b```f``J�������9�0��00Eu00���u�����J���($�����9�&��?�>�/�2��D��2���a����h�} �D��a~!�I��@Z��aA�fbk� Z� x=���0E�~���6�yН��N̨�R4��'AJe��\���X�p?zq��182AL�� ���������'v�̈6 %����ߟ�-Q���SKUkL@�����pz�ǖ�#� trailer 0000001451 00000 n 1014 ?��7j���_7E?�ʙ;������a�h�������\_�B�i�hVG����̕�X�G�Ho��" 24 0 obj 2 0 obj 3 0 obj 0 8 0 R /I true /K false >> >> 0000001944 00000 n endstream endobj 1 0 obj endobj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI ] /XObject << /Im6 30 0 R >> >> 31 11 endobj /Im3 13 0 R /Im5 22 0 R /Im1 9 0 R /Im2 11 0 R /Fm2 24 0 R /Fm1 19 0 R >> the frequency is increased? %PDF-1.4 %���� AC#Circuits Maximum#currents#&#voltages Phasors:#A#Simple#Tool Electricity & Magnetism Lecture 20 Today’s#Concept: Electricity#&#Magne?sm##Lecture#20,#Slide#1. true /ColorSpace 8 0 R /SMask 32 0 R /BitsPerComponent 8 /Filter /FlateDecode >> Introduction to AC Circuits March 25, 2020 The world mostly works on Alternating Current (AC) circuits, in which the voltage and current vary periodically. The voltage and the current are out of phase by 90 o. An Introduction to AC Circuits Make some observations regarding the current through a resistor when the resistor is connected to a source of alternating current (AC). << /Length 25 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Type /XObject /Subtype /Form /FormType endobj Introduction to Three-phase Circuits Balanced 3-phase systems Unbalanced 3-phase systems. 8 0 R /I true /K false >> >> << /Length 20 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /Type /XObject /Subtype /Form /FormType endstream �����BR�)����`e��!����'u�$�M���2��P� G��� �|�`J�mF����t4�d ��Ʀ�_*���� Е�A~�y��b��;��!~����kڮ�9g�I�H:��U x��1  �Om [��2�m䟯��xJqV�q�҄p3�$�"��"B, �F�X5���Z��=�[��j��[W�~�����G�:�iZ��߆`]��t�O�;��zh�����(�-��7H3��\������z5���:��]�]�1�ΆD�^m���,h�j���̐����X8�a%a��h��(�y�U����>�.��!ג*������F������5��*����?��GOUIX�΁|-��F$s�r�d��b�UR���{�J��Ͽ@`@`��)x�Do ͭl�w[��8Y!7�6oW����S ;�H#?�)±���g�3Ff`4�ͭ�l�Gz��kAr�uُ��ʆχf#�1�Z�W��,�g���QN�������x��Y�(��;�#�$�?��@`bX��5�%��ZaM$�z�C7*��!�c;jm���k|���� ߀C���QО�`���>����a9 zabq]w��M}k�[>�ٌ5���T�=Q&s3�t���"��7�!C�g}���Z� J�I���X���J��侖�#�4/��)j�0t�/ ��9h�7ĹCa ��?p������r:��|ZJ�vP���,���\��K,�z�!͵�P�&R>h�3ғ��4�4��;��%P�zE"/�. Other#videos: Prof.#W.#Lewin,#MIT#Open#Courseware Mechanical#Universe,#Driven#LRC#circuits. AC circuits as the name (Alternating Current) implies are simply circuits powered by an Alternating Source, either voltage or current. %��������� endobj %PDF-1.5 25 0 obj 13 0 obj stream 19 0 obj lN��5C�6�!f]3F�#Ń�#��Mqe�Kw��S.���B����!o`�)����wo��>�k4c���r.�h���� �A]�U��Ec������ے�s䫱k��x|��hrZ��}i�m�ư6�� �U⢟��,'�>� UIxGP�J���Q��� ��c� �|��)�U�q���5U�� �L@ l���j9�����W/_��@�87���b�{a�cJb7�,� -tH5>co :"}%O endobj ��{�@�z?6@��M�kn��G�ܥ����q;}��F�VM"�%��� inductors and capacitors in an ac circuit. endobj ]ə�����,!Ɋ0��%��Մ��@���Uą���ǻ���(�zu��?N�d��yQ��|��$Yk����"̀X� ? Download full-text PDF Read full-text. 579 ?�@a��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`��0`�����@ stream The following text is designed to provide an efficient introduction to electronic circuit design. 118 As we saw with Work, energy changed only when a portion of the force was in the direction of the displacement. 4 0 obj 1.2 Units and ... 3.2 Alternating Current Fundamentals 80 . 0000002428 00000 n 4 0 obj ���3D��u�k����� << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI ] /ColorSpace << /Cs1 7 0 R endobj The opposite reactances cancel each other completely when they are equal. An Alternating Current or Voltage, is one in which the value of either the voltage or the current varies about a particular mean value and reverses direction periodically. 0000002504 00000 n 0000000516 00000 n xref endobj • Describe, with diagrams and equations, the phase relationships for circuits containing resistance, capacitance, and inductance. x��\�o�6�n���>���� ���!w�&Eq��eW�u�W�j����g�R&n�4@�+��c��7�������W�/���Yp��2�p|����$��\�-�$�7�G�}쎏.�}�"bVy����(��� �$��,(�,,�;���Ep3�>��*���G�^�\g��:]�'b���� �7�duh��I�σC�����$[��V��� h����7? H�ԔOo�0���st�����JA$.4����zw['8 �ߞ�'�d��$ԋ�&o޼��\����UpQU1����yC�t嚧1Q�E�]�.XE*L��� �4�������}�WpU�)̪��;?Vo]�t,7֊�� /#��T�I;Ua��+�E���zB��Ƀ��U\�虽�_4t�]�� �!z.4�:m�Ig��w��)/��_M�X�nj��~�A �j���/x^��s�;��wͰۃD��������6^�x�dVq�s1wF��Q-*�Z݁j�Ѫ��Ħ�44[/#"�^/�d�@F��C��������[v���m��ժ�$b���$f;�0��J�O�)��^���(ї��Jx\�my�b�)GSn0ku?l|3ˠ]b�7�8LӟU�ѩ�!#q%�C��1z��A�M�a��j����G+x邼��x~ '[��ڨ{*9UW9�ٱ�/d����q7�n��}�-v�3��MY�t�����d+U��q�0IC_c�3Ab�y���#�>K�~L������;'F�&�|���. 0000000962 00000 n endobj /Cs2 8 0 R >> /Font << /TT1.1 16 0 R /TT2.0 27 0 R >> /XObject << /Im4 17 0 R %%EOF The text is divided into two parts. Your household voltage (and current) goes through 60 full cycles per second (Hertz or Hz). endobj 0000000833 00000 n 1 /BBox [13 395 237 540] /Resources 26 0 R /Group << /S /Transparency /CS 0000001057 00000 n x�Umo7��_��[�[Yҝ�%{M����f`�}g1pN�:��~��|���0`�H�zH��7z �_�-���nM��揎V���q-k��L/;K�X�tK7ʚ�6l棙�\����f�ֻ�����u�v�bL�sM�ߴ���역��{��^�E�OZ����������jk�j,�����v��j�t1h�����6������n�]�͊v�����)�,���ҴM`�*�ݧX��u[S��,�pz7���_Ԙ��N��_��M$_�$��� ��U�8�Z����K�, %PDF-1.3 XL and XC are 180° out of phase. 20 0 obj >> • Describe the sinusoidal variation in ac current and voltage, and calculate their effective values. �=ޛ-ݖ��#2�S|�DƎ�N������Š�U�N�d���c�V�GJ��s�iINj��� �e�+�����[��� \���A�;f��DpHO�H�|���Fu�)�#3R h ҥ�&�s��ԹbfF&7�/r+�s�Qۆ��q��U~�?��DH���b�,y� Specifically, what happens to the amplitude of the current when: the resistance is increased? MFMcGraw-PHY 2426 Chap31-AC Circuits-Revised: 6/24/2012 24 Average Power - Inductors Inductors don’t dissipate energy, they store energy. �̩)�,Xrb�L��d��V��0��9�_���h8f�?�TC֒u����``f�sƀ��U�9��2�@!yP�0�{H7g��BM��?ç � <>>> x=���0D�~���4n������U�@J�F����"/�w��Bba#��GK�I0_. stream startxref stream endobj <> <<861b1a6292d8144c8e839056adc52b95>]>> endstream endobj 32 0 obj<> endobj 34 0 obj<> endobj 35 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 36 0 obj<> endobj 37 0 obj<> endobj 38 0 obj<> endobj 39 0 obj<> endobj 40 0 obj<> endobj 41 0 obj<>stream x���˖W�|EPl��k��{��{�Fc�=�؍��ڻb�={��n$J����`����. endobj ... 1.1 Introduction to Electric circuits 13 . 5 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 6 0 obj 21 0 obj Part I is a barebones introduction to basic electronic theory while Part II is designed to be a practical manual for designing and building working electronic circuits. endstream true /ColorSpace 34 0 R /SMask 35 0 R /BitsPerComponent 8 /Filter /FlateDecode << /ProcSet [ /PDF /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI ] /XObject << /Im6 30 0 R >> >> In a series ac circuit, inductive reactance leads by 90°, compared with the zero reference angle of the resistance, and capacitive reactance lags by 90°. Resistors R I = … << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Resources 6 0 R /Contents 4 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 720 540] Repeat the process for a capacitor. 26 0 obj endstream AC Circuits. endobj stream << /Length 14 0 R /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 117 /Height 22 /Interpolate

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