vizag gas leak case study pdf

observations received from the various inputs by the committee. It formed a committee under a retired judge of the Andhra Pradesh high court to inspect the site and determine the cause of the incident, the damage caused to life, environment and health, and steps to compensate victims. Some reports have also spoken of problems with other sensors for Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC). 2313. According to the May 2019 affidavit, since 1997, it was instead operating with state permits required for starting a new business with renewals every five years. Passive safety measures like having a green belt of trees around the periphery of industries should be adopted; Industries should pre-announce to the local people if they use hazardous chemicals; Precautionary drills must be conducted by industries as a part of their CSR programs; A proper audit of all plants must take place as prevention is better than cure and in this case, it is life-saving. [16] Between 2:30 a.m. and 3:00 a.m., when maintenance activity was in progress, the gas leaked from the plant and spread to nearby villages. [5] In 1997, it was acquired by the South Korean company LG Chem, which renamed the company to LG Polymers India. VIZAG GAS LEAK: ISSUE OF JURISDICTION, LAW AND LIABILITY Pragya Jain School of Law, Amity University, Kolkata ABSTRACT On 7th May, 2020 even before the sunrise, a ghastly incident of styrene gas leak took place in the Visakhapatnam district. In September 2018, SEIAA objected on the grounds that the plant had been operating without EC. Some people also complained of rashes on their body and a burning sensation in their eyes. During this course, some chemical activity got started in the tank and a large amount of Styrene gas was leaked in surroundings. Average exposure of workers rarely exceeds 20ppm. The ACtify series retarder is a new green polymer retardant that displays thermal stability and protection during unscheduled shutdowns. On 11 May 2020, the Andhra Pradesh government directed the company to remove 13,000 metric tonnes (MT) of material out of the country. are a number of contributory factors that led to the accident as per the [6] The plant manufactures polystyrene, co-polymer products,[4] and engineering plastic compounds. [41], The same day as the incident, the National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC) gave notice to the Andhra Pradesh Government and the central government that it considered the incident a gross violation of India's constitutional right to life. Styrene occurs naturally in fruits and vegetables, meats, cinnamon, coffee and peanuts, and is also produced by plants, bacteria and fungi. Styrene is normally a liquid, mistakenly referred to in much recent media coverage as a gas. it had to seek prior EC for which it applied to the State Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA) in 2018. [26], Mekapati Goutham Reddy, minister of industries of Andhra Pradesh, said that the preliminary conclusion from the experts' inspections was that the storage facilities were not designed to keep the material for a long duration. Monitor the health of cattle by bringing in teams of veterinary doctors. For latest updates on nCOVID-19 around the world visit our. reference is to enquire into the reasons for leakage including verifying if the company had adhered to all the safety protocols. In 2018, the company applied for an environmental clearance for the first time, to expand its manufacturing capacity of polystyrene, a plastic used to make bottles and lids. [6] Mehta also said that each time the company renewed that permit, the state pollution board, which has the power to enforce federal environmental law, would have been able to fine the company or deny a permit until it received federal clearance, which it never did. day. Recently, a gas leak has affected five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. 7 months. As it happened, the safety valve blew, releasing Styrene vapours high into the air over a prolonged period till measures to lower the temperature were taken. Sections 338 (causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others), 285 (negligent conduct with respect to fire or combustible matter), 278 (making atmosphere noxious to health) have also been slapped against the company. The most shocking aspect of the Vizag LG plant case is the scandalous violations of environment regulations by LG and the casual attitude or even collusion by the authorities. “This is clarified that this was a minuscule technical leak. ", "Vizag gas leak live news updates: Toll rises to 11; NHRC sends notice to Andhra Pradesh govt, Centre", "How styrene, chemical being blamed for Vizag gas leak deaths, affect human body", https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-53330370, "Plea in NGT seeks judicial probe into Visakhapatnam gas leak incident", "NGT to take up Visakhapatnam gas leak case on Friday", "Vizag Gas Leak: NGT Issues Notice To Centre, Directs LG Polymers To Deposit Rs 50 Cr", "Visakhapatnam gas leak: NGT directs LG Polymers India to deposit ₹50 crore", "Probe blames safety lapses for deadly India gas leak", "NHRC notice to Andhra Pradesh Government and Centre over deaths and sufferings to several people due to styrene gas leakage in Vizag District (07.05.2020)", The Vizag gas leak is the most recent of human disasters with the potential to change our lives forever, Visakhapatnam–Chennai Industrial Corridor, Vizag back-to-back HVDC converter station, Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation, Andhra Pradesh Eastern Power Distribution Company Limited, Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation, Visakhapatnam Metropolitan Region Development Authority, Andhra University College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Anil Neerukonda Institute of Technology and Sciences, Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Dr. V. S. Krishna Govt.

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