plumbing materials names

If ends are non-threaded, they are left to be welded, soldered or glued to the pipe. Securing cast-iron pipes and fittings together is done using special methods, including lead and oakum in soil pipe joints, hubbed fittings or hubless couplings using pressure bands, and other methods usually unfamiliar to the homeowner. Not surprisingly, this sort of fitting has a bend that reminds you of the arm joint. Because this stresses the mechanism, they tend to wear out faster than other valves. This type of plumbing fitting has 4 openings in 4 different directions, which is why it resembles a cross. PEX has become a favorite of contractors installing new plumbing systems and plumbers making major upgrades to older systems. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. An older plumbing system may be dominated by cast iron and galvanized iron, while a new home will have plastic pipes of various types used almost exclusively. If you have ABS pipe, it is cut and fitted using the same methods as for PVC. Description: PEX is made of cross-linked HDPE (high-density polyethylene) polymer and is an incredible piping material that has been in use since the 1970s. A double tapped bushing is also a type of reducer, but does not have a reducer’s flexibility. Consequently, if you’re thinking in terms of material, you can have copper plumbing fittings, brass plumbing fittings, and even PVC plumbing fittings. Naturally, you can only connect three pipes to a tee, but the fluid flow will be equal. Cross fittings come with three inlets and an outlet or three outlets and an inlet. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. The purpose of a sleeve fitting is to connect two pipes by using a screw, an anchor, or any other type of mechanical fastener. Your email address will not be published. Description: PVC is now the de-facto standard in-home waste line materials. Galvanized iron pipe is difficult to cut and join and not easily fabricated on site by the homeowner. Appearance: Bright, shiny chrome finished pipe of smaller diameter (3/8” or less). Flexible copper is used in short runs, for water supply, and for the water supply tubing for refrigerators and dishwashers. The sections are joined together mechanically, using plastic pressure fittings for later removal, or permanently joined using special chemical solvent. Still, we would like to stress once again that this guide aims to provide you with some basic information about plumbing fittings. Description: High-quality sanitary waste drain pipe that is heavy and deadens the sound of flowing wastewater very well. A tee has two outlets and one inlet and it is typically more sturdy than a cross fitting. Most often, caps and plugs are threaded. Appearance: Typically blue (cold water), red (hot water), or white flexible plastic pipe. For instance, you can find 22.5 degree, 45 degree, and even 90 degree elbows. Appearance: Dull white or cream-colored plastic. Barbs are made of plastic if they carry cold water and brass if they carry hot water. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, venting of high-efficiency condensing furnaces, PVC (PolyVinyl Chloride) for plumbing waste lines, Copper (rigid and flexible) for water supply lines, CPVC (Chlorinated Poly-Vinyl Chloride) for water supply lines. This is ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) and has largely been replaced by PVC in new construction and plumbing repairs, mostly because it degrades when exposed to sunlight. Prevalent Use: CPVC is used for hot and cold water supply piping. In order to get the best results and avoid any risks, we recommend calling a professional plumber who can take care of the problem for you. Bob Formisano is a licensed architect and builder with 30 years of experience in the industry. Once you use a coupling, you cannot remove it unless you cut it out. Copper has proven itself over the decades to be corrosion resistant and very reliable. These are the most common types of plumbing piping materials found in homes of different ages, what they are used for, and an overview of how to cut and fasten them together. They come in many different types, and they are usually differentiated by their function, the type of connection they perform, and the materials that they are made of. Description: Black pipe looks almost exactly like galvanized iron pipe, except it is darker and specifically designed for gas applications. For instance, we can find plumbing fittings made of aluminum, brass, steel, or copper. They are similar to couplings, but the difference is unions are easy to remove making them convenient for maintenance or a planned future replacement. control the pressure and amount of a fluid. Appearance: Dull, copper-colored metal pipe. Because an adaptor can be male or female on one end, it can turn a pipe male or female. It is usually male at one end. A union is quite similar to a coupling, besides the fact that we can remove it from the position we’ve placed it in whenever we want. Plumbing Materials Name , Picture and Function. Kohler Elliston Toilet Review: Is This the Best Throne for You? These valves are either left open or left closed all the time. We hope our short yet comprehensive guide to the 11 main types of plumbing fittings you can use has provided you with the information you were hoping for. They are usually male and come in varying lengths. The flexible copper pipe may also be terminated by flaring its end and using brass flare fittings. Prevalent Use: Water supply and radiant heating pipe. Prevalent Use: Use for sanitary waste lines, vent pipes, and drain traps. For this reason, it is no longer commonly used and has been largely replaced with copper pipe or PEX plastic pipe. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites.

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